Russia's membership of the WTO entails both positive and negative consequences, inter alia for the education sector. Risks may include a wide range of impacts and circumstances, which contradict the existing education system and its development goals, break the established order in some particular issues or in education aspects, cause social impacts, which are negative or may be perceived as negative.
In a narrow sense of the word risks related to education would imply expected negative consequences, namely deteriorating of quantitative and/or qualitative features of the education system as a whole or its certain dimension.
Risks may be caused not as much by Russia's entering the WTO, as by inadequate and inconsistent enforcement of the GATS/WTO rules in Russia or other countries, and also non coherent interpretation and endorsement of these rules in Russia and abroad.
Certain risks may be caused by a combination of factors, not only by integration of Russia into the WTO, but also by other circumstances, including the processes of globalization and regionalization. Therefore understanding the WTO agreements content and their provisions is essential for enhancing the advantages and mitigating the risks arising from the Organization membership.
The National Training Foundation monitors and analyses commitments made by the WTO members in the education sector and measures adopted by the countries to minimize the risks of liberalization. By autumn of 2009 60 countries of the 151 WTO members, have pledged certain commitments on market access and national treatment for providers of education services from the other WTO members. Negotiation process is still in progress.
The current state of play in negotiation process is reviewed in the paper “Myths and Reality of the Education Sector Commitments on the GATS.”
Detailed analysis on countries, categories of countries, subsectors and modes of delivery is presented in the monograph “Assessing Risks and Opportunities for the Russian Education System under the GATS”.
Analysis of risks for the Russia’s education system is given in the paper “GATS: Risks and Opportunities for Russia’s Education System”
The major methodological problems of assessing the impact of liberalization on education services are summed up in the paper “Methodological Challenges of Assessing the Impact of Services’ Liberalization on the Education and Related Sectors”.