NTF mission:

omprehensive support to development of an effective education and research system as a foundation of the Russian economy and society competitiveness


World Trade Organisation. General Agreement on Trade in Services.



Russia's membership of the WTO entails both positive and negative consequences, inter alia for the education sector. Risks may include a wide range of impacts and circumstances, which contradict the existing education system and its development goals, break the established order in some particular issues or in education aspects, cause social impacts, which are negative or may be perceived as negative.    

In a narrow sense of the word risks related to education would imply expected negative consequences, namely deteriorating of quantitative and/or qualitative features of the education system as a whole or its certain dimension.    

Risks may be caused not as much by Russia's entering the WTO, as by inadequate and inconsistent enforcement of the GATS/WTO rules in Russia or other countries, and also non coherent interpretation and endorsement of these rules in Russia and abroad.

Certain risks may be caused by a combination of factors, not only by integration of Russia into the WTO, but also by other circumstances, including the processes of globalization and regionalization. Therefore understanding the WTO agreements content and their provisions is essential for enhancing the advantages and mitigating the risks arising from  the Organization membership.

The National Training Foundation monitors and analyses commitments made by the WTO members in the education sector and measures adopted by the countries to minimize the risks of liberalization. By autumn of 2009 60 countries of the 151 WTO members, have pledged certain commitments on market access and national treatment for providers of education services from the other WTO members. Negotiation process is still in progress.

The current state of play in negotiation process is reviewed in the paper Myths and Reality of the Education Sector Commitments on the GATS.

Detailed analysis on countries, categories of countries, subsectors and modes of delivery is presented in the monograph Assessing Risks and Opportunities for the Russian Education System under the GATS.

Analysis of risks for the Russias education system is given in the paper GATS: Risks and Opportunities for Russias Education System

The major methodological problems of assessing the impact of liberalization on education services are summed up in the paper Methodological Challenges of Assessing the Impact of Services Liberalization on the Education and Related Sectors.


14 July 2010


The Prime Minister called for a big change in the countrys approach to the importance of trade in foreign relations at the UK Trade & Investment business summit:

I think we need to have quite a big step change in our approach to foreign and diplomatic relations in massively upgrading the importance of trade in terms of the contacts that we have with other countries.  I want us to be more like other countries: whenever you meet a minister from other countries, they always seem to have a checklist of things that they want from the UK.  And Ive said that it doesnt matter if its the Junior Minister for Paperclips and theyve got a five-minute meeting in a departure lounge anywhere else in the world with the opposite number of Junior Minister for Paperclips, from whatever country, however small, I want them to have a clear list of the things that Britain would like to open markets in that country, to get investment in that country, to increase both imports and exports.  We should be messianic in wanting to see free trade and open markets around the world, and our foreign policy will be helping to deliver that in a totally new, more hard-headed, more commercial way.  I think that is vital for Britain as we come out of recession and into recovery. See details...